By John D. Langdon, Barry K.B. Berkovitz, Bernard J. Moxham

The infratemporal fossa is among the most crucial anatomical areas within the head for dental and maxillofacial surgeons because it includes the teeth's significant nerves and vessels; is the location of the temporomandibular joint and linked muscle groups that circulate the jaw; is the path to the lateral cranium base and center cranial fossa; and will be the positioning of benign and malignant tumors. Surgical Anatomy of the Infratemporal Fossa integrates the fundamental medical and surgical anatomy of the areas, and it explores anatomy, neighborhood anesthesia, unfold of an infection, trauma, tumors, surgical entry and discomfort. Dentistry experts, head and neck surgeons and trainees in these fields will locate this article essential.

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Unlike a primary cartilage, the secondary condylar cartilage has less extracellular matrix, the cartilage cells themselves do not undergo cell division and do not align themselves into columns. Although once thought to be a prime causative factor in controlling mandibular growth, the secondary condylar cartilage is now not thought to have any intrinsic growth potential. The condylar cartilage disappears at about the age of 16 years. Regions of cartilage cells may also be seen beneath the articular fibrous covering of the mandibular fossa, including the articular eminence, but these are less conspicuous than is the case with the condyle.

Transmits the greater and lesser palatine nerves (and the posterior inferior nasal branches from the pterygopalatine ganglion), together with accompanying vessels, and these pass to the hard palate to emerge at the greater and lesser palatine foramina. THE MAXILLARY NERVE This division of the trigeminal nerve (the fifth cranial nerve) contains only sensory fibres. 18 BRANCHES OF THE MAXILLARY NERVE. 19). The maxillary nerve arises from the trigeminal ganglion on the floor of the middle cranial fossa.

These branches can be classified into those which come directly from the maxillary nerve, and those which are associated with the pterygopalatine parasympathetic ganglion. 15 The skull showing the position of the pterygopalatine fossa. Infraorbital nerve middle superior alveolar nerve anterior superior alveolar nerve • Branches from the pterygopalatine ganglion: Orbital nerve Nasopalatine nerve Posterior superior nasal nerve Posterior inferior nasal nerve Greater (anterior) palatine nerve Lesser (posterior) palatine nerve Pharyngeal branch The meningeal nerve This is the only branch from the main trunk of the maxillary nerve that does not originate in the pterygopalatine fossa; it arises within the middle cranial fossa, before the foramen rotundum.

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